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PREPOSITIONS in English: under, below, beneath, underneath

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There are many prepositions in English that seem to have the same meaning. But there are sometimes very important differences. For instance, have you noticed that the preposition "underneath" contains the prefix "under"? So do the two words mean the same thing? No! There are differences in the way we use these prepositions. In today's class, we'll look at the differences and uses of the prepositions "under", "below", "beneath", and "underneath". By the end of the video, you will know when and how to use them when referring to the location of things. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/prepositions-in-english-under-below-beneath-underneath WATCH NEXT: 1. Prepositions in English: ABOVE, OVER, ON, ON TOP: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=duMo2VoFAQY 2. Phrasal Verbs - FALL: fall for, fall in, fall behind, fall through: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FV_wz5yyi2Q TRANSCRIPT Hi, everybody. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's video is about the prepositions: "under", "below", "beneath", and "underneath". Now, I know that some people have a problem distinguishing or knowing which one to use in what context, so we're going to look at all of them and see which situations call for which prepositions, and which situations you can mix them up. Because in many cases you can use "under" or "beneath", for example, or: "under" or "below". So, some situations you can mix them; other situations you can't. So let's start with "under". When do I use "under"? When we talk about a lower level or a lower layer, in terms of space, like... So, "spatial" is the adjective of "space", so when we're comparing space, one is lower than the other. Okay? But, so... "The ball rolled under the car." Generally, when we have some sort of movement, we're going to use probably "under", although we can sometimes say: "The ball rolled beneath the car." We're going to look at the difference between "under" and "beneath" after. So, in this case, you can use: "under", you can use other ones. But in a situation... Now, when I say: "situation" or "condition", it's usually about people. Okay? When somebody is feeling a particular thing or is in a particular condition or state of mind, we're going to use "under". So: "He's under a lot of pressure", means it's the weight of the condition is making him down or is heavy on top of him. Okay? So: "He's under a lot of pressure." Numbers. When we talk about age or quantity, we're going to use: "under", not the other prepositions. "This bar is popular among the under-40 crowd." Basically, "under" means less than or fewer than-right?-when we're talking about numbers. In terms of quantity: "Under 20 people actually showed up to the party", means less than; fewer than 20 people showed up. We can also use "under" as a prefix, means we can add it to under... Other words. Sorry. We can use it to under... Other words... Not "underwear"; I have underwear on my mind. Other words, and basically mean make them less; weakened, or less than, or other situations. So: "underweight". If someone is underweight, they are less than the healthy weight. Right? So this is the... What you should be, and if you're underweight, you're pretty thin. Right? You should eat more. If you "underestimate"... So, you notice I can use it with a noun or with a verb, or adjective. I'll give you other examples after. If you underestimate something or someone, means you don't give them enough credit; you don't appreciate them or it at the place where it should be. So, again, not enough. "Under" can also mean not enough. Now, let's look at "below". So we looked about lower level, etc. When we use "below", we're still talking about relation of two things; one is lower than the other, but it's important to remember that usually it's on the same plane. Now, "on the same plane" means the same spot in space. So if something is here and something is here, we don't say: "This is below that." We can say: "It's under this", in terms of the rankings-okay?-but we don't say it's below. So, the word "below" is written below the word "under", because why? We're on the same plane; we're looking at the whiteboard. It's the same space and I have the same line, so this is below that. Okay? It's not under it; it's below it, in terms of the plane. We also can use "below" when we look at a reference point; in relation to a reference point. Now, what do I mean by "reference point"? Here's the point where things get compared to. For example, average. "Average" is a reference point; it is not the highest, it is not the lowest. It is a combination of all the things on the spectrum or whatever, whatever you're comparing, and we take the average spot which is technically between highest and lowest. […]
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Text Comments (151)
Jackson Amaral (2 days ago)
Cool. I'm seizing this opportunity to improve my listening here in Brazil.
안진영 (7 days ago)
Thank you so much~!! It made me clear. Good good~
Shoga Shog (7 days ago)
♥♣ LOVE IT
Bohdan Harasym (8 days ago)
Thank you a lot, Adam. You're great and very charismatic teacher. I adore your lessons!
JAY SONU (12 days ago)
Well explained...
Ankle Donna (12 days ago)
Others may find this video instructive, but the verbal tic, "OK?", is extremely annoying and distracting to me. OK?
James Hally (1 month ago)
"Underneath your clothes, there's an endless story" - Shakira "If you're under him, you ain't getting over him" - Dua Lipa
Serkan Başatlık (1 month ago)
Adamın dibisin
Let's learn (1 month ago)
I watch your lecture always. You are one of the best teachers.
Red Street (1 month ago)
You're a great teacher, everyone should pitch in and give you a big apple.
naufal riyadi (1 month ago)
great tutorial ... very helpful
Amir Masoomyan (1 month ago)
hi adam pls make a video about embedded clauses
Джон Иванов (1 month ago)
Best
Rabie Mohammed (2 months ago)
Your style is really great and simple .... I can't stop watching your videos. Thank's a lot.
Caio Eker (2 months ago)
thaaanks
Mr. SHTAZI (2 months ago)
You are spesial!!!!
Huy Hoang (2 months ago)
very helpful - thank you!
Jose Wonner (2 months ago)
sir how to pronounce configuration
Harpreet Singh (2 months ago)
Thanks sir please tell me which case we should use after "THAN" subject or object .sentence like He is older than me or l. I have lot of confusion on this toic
human being (2 months ago)
ribery?
416AMQ78 (2 months ago)
Thanks
Trucos de mamás (2 months ago)
Thanks Adam for your videos. One of the best teachers that I know
rozelin saba (2 months ago)
2:15 lol you are sweet Adam.
Cristian Gutiérrez (2 months ago)
So complicated to understand, thanks! =D
DubDewan (2 months ago)
Great video. Well expained
Adrián Azuaje (2 months ago)
Thanks Adam this video is really helpful
شمس الاصيل (2 months ago)
Great job as usual 👍
De Light (2 months ago)
Please remove ads
SORY JR BAH (3 months ago)
Thanks Mr
Eduardo Garcia (3 months ago)
I'm Brazilian and I finished my English course a short time ago, and after that I felt so many doubts 'cause I didn't have my teachers anymore. However, I found you channel and I loved it, your techniques are so helpful. Thanks, now I don't have more doubts.
razi mousavie (3 months ago)
I got 5
MOHD ABID (3 months ago)
Hey Adam ! I always have trouble competing with non finite verbs and it's forms .could you help me please
Hyacinthe Bassa (3 months ago)
HI thanks for your all amazing videos .They are so helfulls.However could you please teach us when and how we use teh expression thoug and when and how we use although
Ideas Maker (3 months ago)
🌹♥️ God protects you. How well you know the information you deserve respect♥️🌹
Mita Amalia (3 months ago)
technically you're a great teacher Adam.. did I say it right ?
yong luo (3 months ago)
thank you teacher !
abdi fatah Dalmar (3 months ago)
Thanks adam
Tsikita Banana (3 months ago)
I think I am in love with Adam . I cannot concentrate to what he is saying ! Anyway a band of 7 overall in a week .. 8/9 listening , 7/9 speaking , 7/9 writing , 5,2/9 writing... How much does this make?
Neha Kunwar (3 months ago)
Best channel to learn english. Thank you to solve english difficulties
Abhijeet Kushwah (3 months ago)
PLEASE PREPARE A LESSON ON "NOUN AND GENDER"
Лили Лэй (3 months ago)
Hi Adam. I am watching your video for a long time. And I really like them. Is it possible to have skype lessons with you?
Mª Pilar Adán Címbora (3 months ago)
Un vídeo genial y profesor excepcional.
vieja julia (3 months ago)
What a great video Adam, but please share a bit of you so we know more of your life! I am very curious to know about you 😌, thank you for all you are doing and the best wishes for you
Marcela Diaz (3 months ago)
thx a lot for helping learn more english
any super (3 months ago)
Thank the handsome teacher
Muhamad Yusuf (3 months ago)
Thanks Adam ..just I wish someone to talk in English to be excellent and fluent my mother tongue is Arabic... Thanks again
Episteme (3 months ago)
What is the difference between ''There are/is'' and ''the verb exist'' If I need to give examples: There are three children. Three children exist. İt is confusing for me. What do you mean by saying ''There are/is''. What kind of grammar structure is this? Let's think about the concept of ''three children''. Which one is the copula in the first sentence? I guess it's ''are''. What does a copula, what is its function? For example: When I say, he is tall, who is the one who is tall? Obviously He! So we understand that the next word from the copula defines a subject. Therefore, let's examine There / Are/ Three children According to the reasoning above, ''Three children'' must define the subject ''There''. I do not know whether I could explain it or not. But it does not make sense in no way. Please touch on this topic.
Linda Ansah (3 months ago)
awesome, I love your, very undstanding
Rayan Jarangide (3 months ago)
Hey guys, I have a problem with reduction of adjective clauses. I don't know how to reduce a clause which is simple past. For example: The guy who killed Mary is here. Is it correct to say: The guy killed Mary is here??? or The guy having killed Mary is here?
Ruben Venerozzo (3 months ago)
When do I have to use “for and with” at the end of a sentence ?? 🤷🏽‍♂️🤷🏽‍♂️
Adriano Junior (3 months ago)
Outstanding.
Pedro Martins Albernaz (3 months ago)
Thanks Adam, you’re a great teacher!
Ying Chen Tsai (3 months ago)
It’s a great help. Very clear!!! Thanks
knowledge power (3 months ago)
very nice video.......
Chhote Singh (3 months ago)
specially thanks adam ...u are a really mind blowing teacher
Anjali Mehra (3 months ago)
Thank you Adam 😚 your way of explaining things is cool and easy.
Amit Kushwaha Official (3 months ago)
Anyone wanna do practice with me through video call or call? I am Amit from india.. Reply I'm waiting
Nayra Sharma (3 months ago)
Thanks Adam. your way of explaining things really amazing. Please make difference between the use of the very best and much the best. Thanks a lot.
Iren Prof (3 months ago)
Very interesting . Thank you for you explaining .
Влад Иванов (3 months ago)
Can you make a video with a top 5 books for an intermediate/advanced levels? As your colleague Alex from engVid has made.. thanks
Лада Прийма (3 months ago)
Hi, Adam! I've got a question about anticipatory structures. What are they? Can any sentence with a dependent clause at the beginning be called anticipatory? Or maybe the sentence does not have be to complex, and an extended adverbial modifier at the start of the sentence can make it anticipatory? I'm trying to write a paper and have a hard time grasping this concept. I'll be so glad if you could help. As always, love your videos!
Spanglish2English (3 months ago)
Nice lesson Adam on a tricky topic!
Faber Fuertes M (3 months ago)
teacher thank you for your classes, greetings from Bogota Colombia.
Abhijeet Kushwah (3 months ago)
Hello sir namastey i am from India, i am an English teacher and i get to learn so luch through your videos. THANK YOU VERY MUCH
Durga Prasad (3 months ago)
Your advice is of great significance. Thank you sir.
Vergine Harutyunyan (3 months ago)
Every vid of yours is hilarious <3 love from Armenia
Jarosław Szczudłowski (3 months ago)
Hi Adam. I was always taught that we use UNDER when one thing is exactly under another, and we use below when one thing is below a level of another thing. So when things are exactly vertically one over another we use OVER and UNDER and when things are on different levels but not exatly vertically we say ABOVE and BELOW. So it is completely different from what you said. ???
Aroosa Shah (3 months ago)
sir please suppose and supposed to explain
Nadia Barbosa (3 months ago)
Thanks Adam! I love you because you changed my life! I m here in Toronto and I need to do the IELTS for my college. Is it possible for you to give me some classes?
Jose Guardado (3 months ago)
Thank you I was waiting for this video!
Ngọc Huyền Nguyễn (3 months ago)
Thank you teacher, you did a great work!
julia puspa (3 months ago)
And thx alots for ur explaining, it helps me when i teach my students, i also learn it from u, the way u teach, ur pronounciation, i like that and am trying my best to teach my students like the way you teach us, anyway thank u Adam 🙏🙏
julia puspa (3 months ago)
"I have underwear on my mind" well Adam, i burst laughing when u said it 😂😂
Msabaha Malonda (3 months ago)
I curious to acquire alike you speak. You my inspired teacher person. I like the way you speak, the way you teach. You're my Hero Role Model. THANK YOU..,...
Josue Andrade (3 months ago)
Great video!! Where were you, Adam! Don't dissapear, please😣
Ruslina Marpaung (3 months ago)
love it. I'm so grateful ....
Лиана М (3 months ago)
👍😍
Delta Drones (3 months ago)
Awesome Class! Thanks!
Victor Chagollan (3 months ago)
A video for the lot of uses of "AS" please
najib afia (3 months ago)
You are very good Teacher Mister Adam i like You and I'm Following You All Time and waitting for you're NeXT vidéos
Viviane Mello (3 months ago)
👏👏👏👏
Leandro Bartolini (3 months ago)
very clear
mehdi moroccan (3 months ago)
thanks - gracias - merci - شكرا your lessons are very helpful and useful.. you're one of my best teachers ever :)
Valeria T (3 months ago)
I have underwears in my mind! 😂 Good one!
mohammed galal (3 months ago)
💪💪💪💪💪💪💪
Kevin Marquet (3 months ago)
Adam, you’re a great teacher.
Humaid shams (3 months ago)
thanks . helped me out mr
Cau Silvestrini (3 months ago)
Great video :-D Thanks!
Nariman Masri (3 months ago)
Thank you, it is an important lesson
Leomar Nascimento (3 months ago)
Thank you, Adam... You help me a lot with your classes....
Khyber (3 months ago)
I love you Adam! LOL..........
sanjay bodar (3 months ago)
After a long time
Babangida Aliyu (3 months ago)
Guy I like the way you explain your stuff
Mauri Mu (3 months ago)
Muy favorite teacher, blessing from central America Nicaragua
hui leilei (3 months ago)
nice
muhammad farhan (3 months ago)
Thanks Sir Where are you have a long time
pashtana Pashtana (3 months ago)
Thanks for your best lesson my dear teacher! Undoubtedly you’re the best teacher in the world.
Halime önk (3 months ago)
Thanks Adam, ı'm watcing from Turkey. While ı was searching about English videos, ı found you. Your speaking very clear. Although My English level is very low, ı able to understood you whitout subtitles. I will watch your ohter videos.
BeardedGhinzu (3 months ago)
Thank you !
Stefany Alarcon (3 months ago)
thanks so much Adam, the examples are so great! interesting lesson
Mauri Mu (3 months ago)
You are beautiful I love u... no se lo q dije, no hablo ingles,

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