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PREPOSITIONS in English: under, below, beneath, underneath

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There are many prepositions in English that seem to have the same meaning. But there are sometimes very important differences. For instance, have you noticed that the preposition "underneath" contains the prefix "under"? So do the two words mean the same thing? No! There are differences in the way we use these prepositions. In today's class, we'll look at the differences and uses of the prepositions "under", "below", "beneath", and "underneath". By the end of the video, you will know when and how to use them when referring to the location of things. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/prepositions-in-english-under-below-beneath-underneath WATCH NEXT: 1. Prepositions in English: ABOVE, OVER, ON, ON TOP: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=duMo2VoFAQY 2. Phrasal Verbs - FALL: fall for, fall in, fall behind, fall through: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FV_wz5yyi2Q TRANSCRIPT Hi, everybody. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's video is about the prepositions: "under", "below", "beneath", and "underneath". Now, I know that some people have a problem distinguishing or knowing which one to use in what context, so we're going to look at all of them and see which situations call for which prepositions, and which situations you can mix them up. Because in many cases you can use "under" or "beneath", for example, or: "under" or "below". So, some situations you can mix them; other situations you can't. So let's start with "under". When do I use "under"? When we talk about a lower level or a lower layer, in terms of space, like... So, "spatial" is the adjective of "space", so when we're comparing space, one is lower than the other. Okay? But, so... "The ball rolled under the car." Generally, when we have some sort of movement, we're going to use probably "under", although we can sometimes say: "The ball rolled beneath the car." We're going to look at the difference between "under" and "beneath" after. So, in this case, you can use: "under", you can use other ones. But in a situation... Now, when I say: "situation" or "condition", it's usually about people. Okay? When somebody is feeling a particular thing or is in a particular condition or state of mind, we're going to use "under". So: "He's under a lot of pressure", means it's the weight of the condition is making him down or is heavy on top of him. Okay? So: "He's under a lot of pressure." Numbers. When we talk about age or quantity, we're going to use: "under", not the other prepositions. "This bar is popular among the under-40 crowd." Basically, "under" means less than or fewer than-right?-when we're talking about numbers. In terms of quantity: "Under 20 people actually showed up to the party", means less than; fewer than 20 people showed up. We can also use "under" as a prefix, means we can add it to under... Other words. Sorry. We can use it to under... Other words... Not "underwear"; I have underwear on my mind. Other words, and basically mean make them less; weakened, or less than, or other situations. So: "underweight". If someone is underweight, they are less than the healthy weight. Right? So this is the... What you should be, and if you're underweight, you're pretty thin. Right? You should eat more. If you "underestimate"... So, you notice I can use it with a noun or with a verb, or adjective. I'll give you other examples after. If you underestimate something or someone, means you don't give them enough credit; you don't appreciate them or it at the place where it should be. So, again, not enough. "Under" can also mean not enough. Now, let's look at "below". So we looked about lower level, etc. When we use "below", we're still talking about relation of two things; one is lower than the other, but it's important to remember that usually it's on the same plane. Now, "on the same plane" means the same spot in space. So if something is here and something is here, we don't say: "This is below that." We can say: "It's under this", in terms of the rankings-okay?-but we don't say it's below. So, the word "below" is written below the word "under", because why? We're on the same plane; we're looking at the whiteboard. It's the same space and I have the same line, so this is below that. Okay? It's not under it; it's below it, in terms of the plane. We also can use "below" when we look at a reference point; in relation to a reference point. Now, what do I mean by "reference point"? Here's the point where things get compared to. For example, average. "Average" is a reference point; it is not the highest, it is not the lowest. It is a combination of all the things on the spectrum or whatever, whatever you're comparing, and we take the average spot which is technically between highest and lowest. […]
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Text Comments (136)
Huy Hoang (2 days ago)
very helpful - thank you!
Jose Wonner (2 days ago)
sir how to pronounce configuration
Harpreet Singh (8 days ago)
Thanks sir please tell me which case we should use after "THAN" subject or object .sentence like He is older than me or l. I have lot of confusion on this toic
human being (11 days ago)
ribery?
416AMQ78 (18 days ago)
Thanks
Trucos de mamás (18 days ago)
Thanks Adam for your videos. One of the best teachers that I know
rozelin saba (21 days ago)
2:15 lol you are sweet Adam.
Cristian Gutiérrez (22 days ago)
So complicated to understand, thanks! =D
DubDewan (22 days ago)
Great video. Well expained
Adrián Azuaje (25 days ago)
Thanks Adam this video is really helpful
شمس الاصيل (27 days ago)
Great job as usual 👍
De Light (28 days ago)
Please remove ads
SORY JR BAH (29 days ago)
Thanks Mr
Eduardo Garcia (29 days ago)
I'm Brazilian and I finished my English course a short time ago, and after that I felt so many doubts 'cause I didn't have my teachers anymore. However, I found you channel and I loved it, your techniques are so helpful. Thanks, now I don't have more doubts.
razi mousavie (30 days ago)
I got 5
Priya roy tsts (30 days ago)
Thanks adam sir
MOHD ABID (30 days ago)
Hey Adam ! I always have trouble competing with non finite verbs and it's forms .could you help me please
Hyacinthe Bassa (1 month ago)
HI thanks for your all amazing videos .They are so helfulls.However could you please teach us when and how we use teh expression thoug and when and how we use although
Ideas Maker (1 month ago)
🌹♥️ God protects you. How well you know the information you deserve respect♥️🌹
Mita Amalia (1 month ago)
technically you're a great teacher Adam.. did I say it right ?
yong luo (1 month ago)
thank you teacher !
abdi fatah Dalmar (1 month ago)
Thanks adam
Tsikita Banana (1 month ago)
I think I am in love with Adam . I cannot concentrate to what he is saying ! Anyway a band of 7 overall in a week .. 8/9 listening , 7/9 speaking , 7/9 writing , 5,2/9 writing... How much does this make?
Neha Kunwar (1 month ago)
Best channel to learn english. Thank you to solve english difficulties
Abhijeet Kushwah (1 month ago)
PLEASE PREPARE A LESSON ON "NOUN AND GENDER"
Лили Лэй (1 month ago)
Hi Adam. I am watching your video for a long time. And I really like them. Is it possible to have skype lessons with you?
Un vídeo genial y profesor excepcional.
vieja julia (1 month ago)
What a great video Adam, but please share a bit of you so we know more of your life! I am very curious to know about you 😌, thank you for all you are doing and the best wishes for you
Marcela Diaz (1 month ago)
thx a lot for helping learn more english
any super (1 month ago)
Thank the handsome teacher
Muhamad Yusuf (1 month ago)
Thanks Adam ..just I wish someone to talk in English to be excellent and fluent my mother tongue is Arabic... Thanks again
Episteme (1 month ago)
What is the difference between ''There are/is'' and ''the verb exist'' If I need to give examples: There are three children. Three children exist. İt is confusing for me. What do you mean by saying ''There are/is''. What kind of grammar structure is this? Let's think about the concept of ''three children''. Which one is the copula in the first sentence? I guess it's ''are''. What does a copula, what is its function? For example: When I say, he is tall, who is the one who is tall? Obviously He! So we understand that the next word from the copula defines a subject. Therefore, let's examine There / Are/ Three children According to the reasoning above, ''Three children'' must define the subject ''There''. I do not know whether I could explain it or not. But it does not make sense in no way. Please touch on this topic.
Linda Ansah (1 month ago)
awesome, I love your, very undstanding
Rayan Jarangide (1 month ago)
Hey guys, I have a problem with reduction of adjective clauses. I don't know how to reduce a clause which is simple past. For example: The guy who killed Mary is here. Is it correct to say: The guy killed Mary is here??? or The guy having killed Mary is here?
Ruben Venerozzo (1 month ago)
When do I have to use “for and with” at the end of a sentence ?? 🤷🏽‍♂️🤷🏽‍♂️
Adriano Junior (1 month ago)
Outstanding.
Pedro Martins Albernaz (1 month ago)
Thanks Adam, you’re a great teacher!
Ying Chen Tsai (1 month ago)
It’s a great help. Very clear!!! Thanks
knowledge power (1 month ago)
very nice video.......
Chhote Singh (1 month ago)
specially thanks adam ...u are a really mind blowing teacher
Anjali Mehra (1 month ago)
Thank you Adam 😚 your way of explaining things is cool and easy.
Amit Kushwaha Official (1 month ago)
Anyone wanna do practice with me through video call or call? I am Amit from india.. Reply I'm waiting
Nayra Sharma (1 month ago)
Thanks Adam. your way of explaining things really amazing. Please make difference between the use of the very best and much the best. Thanks a lot.
Iren Prof (1 month ago)
Very interesting . Thank you for you explaining .
Влад Иванов (1 month ago)
Can you make a video with a top 5 books for an intermediate/advanced levels? As your colleague Alex from engVid has made.. thanks
Лада Прийма (1 month ago)
Hi, Adam! I've got a question about anticipatory structures. What are they? Can any sentence with a dependent clause at the beginning be called anticipatory? Or maybe the sentence does not have be to complex, and an extended adverbial modifier at the start of the sentence can make it anticipatory? I'm trying to write a paper and have a hard time grasping this concept. I'll be so glad if you could help. As always, love your videos!
Spanglish2English (1 month ago)
Nice lesson Adam on a tricky topic!
Faber Fuertes M (1 month ago)
teacher thank you for your classes, greetings from Bogota Colombia.
Abhijeet Kushwah (1 month ago)
Hello sir namastey i am from India, i am an English teacher and i get to learn so luch through your videos. THANK YOU VERY MUCH
Durga Prasad (1 month ago)
Your advice is of great significance. Thank you sir.
Vergine Harutyunyan (1 month ago)
Every vid of yours is hilarious <3 love from Armenia
Hi Adam. I was always taught that we use UNDER when one thing is exactly under another, and we use below when one thing is below a level of another thing. So when things are exactly vertically one over another we use OVER and UNDER and when things are on different levels but not exatly vertically we say ABOVE and BELOW. So it is completely different from what you said. ???
Aroosa Shah (1 month ago)
sir please suppose and supposed to explain
Nadia Barbosa (1 month ago)
Thanks Adam! I love you because you changed my life! I m here in Toronto and I need to do the IELTS for my college. Is it possible for you to give me some classes?
Jose Guardado (1 month ago)
Thank you I was waiting for this video!
Thank you teacher, you did a great work!
julia puspa (1 month ago)
And thx alots for ur explaining, it helps me when i teach my students, i also learn it from u, the way u teach, ur pronounciation, i like that and am trying my best to teach my students like the way you teach us, anyway thank u Adam 🙏🙏
julia puspa (1 month ago)
"I have underwear on my mind" well Adam, i burst laughing when u said it 😂😂
Msabaha Malonda (1 month ago)
I curious to acquire alike you speak. You my inspired teacher person. I like the way you speak, the way you teach. You're my Hero Role Model. THANK YOU..,...
Jonathan Andrade (1 month ago)
Great video!! Where were you, Adam! Don't dissapear, please😣
Ruslina Marpaung (1 month ago)
love it. I'm so grateful ....
Лиана М (1 month ago)
👍😍
Delta Drones (1 month ago)
Awesome Class! Thanks!
Victor Chagollan (1 month ago)
A video for the lot of uses of "AS" please
najib afia (1 month ago)
You are very good Teacher Mister Adam i like You and I'm Following You All Time and waitting for you're NeXT vidéos
Viviane Mello (1 month ago)
👏👏👏👏
Leandro Bartolini (1 month ago)
very clear
mehdi moroccan (1 month ago)
thanks - gracias - merci - شكرا your lessons are very helpful and useful.. you're one of my best teachers ever :)
Valeria T (1 month ago)
I have underwears in my mind! 😂 Good one!
mohammed galal (1 month ago)
💪💪💪💪💪💪💪
Kevin Marquet (1 month ago)
Adam, you’re a great teacher.
Humaid shams (1 month ago)
thanks . helped me out mr
Cau Silvestrini (1 month ago)
Great video :-D Thanks!
Nariman Masri (1 month ago)
Thank you, it is an important lesson
Leomar Nascimento (1 month ago)
Thank you, Adam... You help me a lot with your classes....
Khyber (1 month ago)
I love you Adam! LOL..........
sanjay bodar (1 month ago)
After a long time
Babangida Aliyu (1 month ago)
Guy I like the way you explain your stuff
Mauri Mu (1 month ago)
Muy favorite teacher, blessing from central America Nicaragua
hui leilei (1 month ago)
nice
muhammad farhan (1 month ago)
Thanks Sir Where are you have a long time
pashtana Pashtana (1 month ago)
Thanks for your best lesson my dear teacher! Undoubtedly you’re the best teacher in the world.
Halime önk (1 month ago)
Thanks Adam, ı'm watcing from Turkey. While ı was searching about English videos, ı found you. Your speaking very clear. Although My English level is very low, ı able to understood you whitout subtitles. I will watch your ohter videos.
BeardedGhinzu (1 month ago)
Thank you !
Stefany Alarcon (1 month ago)
thanks so much Adam, the examples are so great! interesting lesson
Mauri Mu (1 month ago)
You are beautiful I love u... no se lo q dije, no hablo ingles,
You're the best teacher ever. Thanks.
Asif Afridi (1 month ago)
If I had in place of you, i would have gone.1 If I were in place of you, i would have gone.2 If I had in place of you, I had gone.3 If I had in place of you, I would gone.4 Which one is right and why?
Domingo Mejia (1 month ago)
+Mauri Mu ,# 4. It,s the correct
Mauri Mu (1 month ago)
2
André Souza (1 month ago)
Salutations from Brazil!
Thisara Kankanamge (1 month ago)
Sir i wonder to know about having been? I hadn't ever heard it before. Can you do me that favor?
Sdb Star (1 month ago)
Adam! May I ask you pls What is your religion 😇
W E (1 month ago)
In the western world, asking about religion is considered to be a taboo subject. Instead, you can ask him about how much money he has😁....just joking...another taboo one.
Sohag Ahmed (1 month ago)
Hi Adam, Could you please make some videos about how to reduce Adjective Clause, Adverb Clause??
Jaqueline Wolkmer (1 month ago)
Thanks a lot! Your classes are great.
Lia Voinea (1 month ago)
Thank you, Adam!
Jagho Bangladesh (1 month ago)
You are great teacher....
Kata Marton (1 month ago)
I am in love with Adam's teaching techniques! ☺️
Katalin Martonné Nagy (14 days ago)
So am I :-)
Adedoyin Bolaji (1 month ago)
Great post. Thank you
Saya Azad (1 month ago)
Thanks Adam !!
Haron Cherian (1 month ago)
Brilliant explanation. Simple, easy and defined.
Atmaram Thokal (1 month ago)
Thanks sir so useful lesson,🙏🙏🙏
Nguyễn Hải (1 month ago)
oh your lesson is easy to understand
Iggy Rock (1 month ago)
👍✌️

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