There are many prepositions in English that seem to have the same meaning. But there are sometimes very important differences. For instance, have you noticed that the preposition "underneath" contains the prefix "under"? So do the two words mean the same thing? No! There are differences in the way we use these prepositions. In today's class, we'll look at the differences and uses of the prepositions "under", "below", "beneath", and "underneath". By the end of the video, you will know when and how to use them when referring to the location of things.
TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/prepositions-in-english-under-below-beneath-underneath
1. Prepositions in English: ABOVE, OVER, ON, ON TOP: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=duMo2VoFAQY
2. Phrasal Verbs - FALL: fall for, fall in, fall behind, fall through: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FV_wz5yyi2Q
Hi, everybody. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's video is about the prepositions: "under", "below", "beneath", and "underneath". Now, I know that some people have a problem distinguishing or knowing which one to use in what context, so we're going to look at all of them and see which situations call for which prepositions, and which situations you can mix them up. Because in many cases you can use "under" or "beneath", for example, or: "under" or "below". So, some situations you can mix them; other situations you can't.
So let's start with "under". When do I use "under"? When we talk about a lower level or a lower layer, in terms of space, like... So, "spatial" is the adjective of "space", so when we're comparing space, one is lower than the other. Okay? But, so... "The ball rolled under the car." Generally, when we have some sort of movement, we're going to use probably "under", although we can sometimes say: "The ball rolled beneath the car." We're going to look at the difference between "under" and "beneath" after. So, in this case, you can use: "under", you can use other ones.
But in a situation... Now, when I say: "situation" or "condition", it's usually about people. Okay? When somebody is feeling a particular thing or is in a particular condition or state of mind, we're going to use "under". So: "He's under a lot of pressure", means it's the weight of the condition is making him down or is heavy on top of him. Okay? So: "He's under a lot of pressure."
Numbers. When we talk about age or quantity, we're going to use: "under", not the other prepositions. "This bar is popular among the under-40 crowd." Basically, "under" means less than or fewer than-right?-when we're talking about numbers. In terms of quantity: "Under 20 people actually showed up to the party", means less than; fewer than 20 people showed up.
We can also use "under" as a prefix, means we can add it to under... Other words. Sorry. We can use it to under... Other words... Not "underwear"; I have underwear on my mind. Other words, and basically mean make them less; weakened, or less than, or other situations. So: "underweight". If someone is underweight, they are less than the healthy weight. Right? So this is the... What you should be, and if you're underweight, you're pretty thin. Right? You should eat more. If you "underestimate"... So, you notice I can use it with a noun or with a verb, or adjective. I'll give you other examples after. If you underestimate something or someone, means you don't give them enough credit; you don't appreciate them or it at the place where it should be. So, again, not enough. "Under" can also mean not enough.
Now, let's look at "below". So we looked about lower level, etc. When we use "below", we're still talking about relation of two things; one is lower than the other, but it's important to remember that usually it's on the same plane. Now, "on the same plane" means the same spot in space. So if something is here and something is here, we don't say: "This is below that." We can say: "It's under this", in terms of the rankings-okay?-but we don't say it's below. So, the word "below" is written below the word "under", because why? We're on the same plane; we're looking at the whiteboard. It's the same space and I have the same line, so this is below that. Okay? It's not under it; it's below it, in terms of the plane.
We also can use "below" when we look at a reference point; in relation to a reference point. Now, what do I mean by "reference point"? Here's the point where things get compared to. For example, average. "Average" is a reference point; it is not the highest, it is not the lowest. It is a combination of all the things on the spectrum or whatever, whatever you're comparing, and we take the average spot which is technically between highest and lowest. […]
I'm Brazilian and I finished my English course a short time ago, and after that I felt so many doubts 'cause I didn't have my teachers anymore. However, I found you channel and I loved it, your techniques are so helpful. Thanks, now I don't have more doubts.
I think I am in love with Adam . I cannot concentrate to what he is saying ! Anyway a band of 7 overall in a week .. 8/9 listening , 7/9 speaking , 7/9 writing , 5,2/9 writing... How much does this make?
What is the difference between ''There are/is'' and ''the verb exist'' If I need to give examples:
There are three children.
Three children exist.
İt is confusing for me. What do you mean by saying ''There are/is''. What kind of grammar structure is this? Let's think about the concept of ''three children''. Which one is the copula in the first sentence? I guess it's ''are''. What does a copula, what is its function? For example: When I say, he is tall, who is the one who is tall? Obviously He! So we understand that the next word from the copula defines a subject. Therefore, let's examine
There / Are/ Three children
According to the reasoning above, ''Three children'' must define the subject ''There''. I do not know whether I could explain it or not. But it does not make sense in no way. Please touch on this topic.
Hey guys, I have a problem with reduction of adjective clauses. I don't know how to reduce a clause which is simple past.
For example: The guy who killed Mary is here. Is it correct to say: The guy killed Mary is here??? or The guy having killed Mary is here?
Hi, Adam! I've got a question about anticipatory structures. What are they? Can any sentence with a dependent clause at the beginning be called anticipatory? Or maybe the sentence does not have be to complex, and an extended adverbial modifier at the start of the sentence can make it anticipatory? I'm trying to write a paper and have a hard time grasping this concept. I'll be so glad if you could help. As always, love your videos!
Hi Adam. I was always taught that we use UNDER when one thing is exactly under another, and we use below when one thing is below a level of another thing. So when things are exactly vertically one over another we use OVER and UNDER and when things are on different levels but not exatly vertically we say ABOVE and BELOW. So it is completely different from what you said. ???
And thx alots for ur explaining, it helps me when i teach my students, i also learn it from u, the way u teach, ur pronounciation, i like that and am trying my best to teach my students like the way you teach us, anyway thank u Adam 🙏🙏
Thanks Adam, ı'm watcing from Turkey. While ı was searching about English videos, ı found you. Your speaking very clear. Although My English level is very low, ı able to understood you whitout subtitles. I will watch your ohter videos.
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