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English Grammar: Using 'THE' before 'NEXT' & 'LAST'

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English articles are tough. When was the last time you watched a lesson about them? In this video, I try to erase the confusion between "next", "the next", "last", and "the last". The rule on using the article "the" before "next" and "last" is much simpler than you think. If you're having a hard time with this topic, you should definitely watch this video, and next time you're wondering whether to add a "the" before one of these words, you'll be much more certain. Don't forget to check your understanding by doing the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-the-before-next-last/ TRANSCRIPT Yeah, it was really good to see you last night. No, I had a good time. Yeah, we haven't seen each other in ages, so we can get together again next week. Next week? Okay, I'll see you next week. Okay. Bye. Sorry, that was just an old friend of mine. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking and welcome to this lesson on "Next and Last Vs. The Next/The Last". So, this is a very common confusion, a very common grammatical problem that I sometimes hear from people who are learning English who are at the beginner, and intermediate, and sometimes at the advanced level even. But it's okay. You're here to learn, and if you've clicked on this video, like, you want to know this stuff and I'm going to do my best to transmit this information to you. So, first: "next/last". Now, when you are talking and using "next" or "last" with a day of the week, a week, a month, a season, a year, basically you are referring to the one which means you are referring to the day, the week, the month, the season, or the year directly after or directly before the current one. Okay? So, you heard my conversation on the phone: "Yeah, it was great to get together, you know, last night. It was great to see you last night." The night before today, last night. And I said I will see them next week, the week directly after the current week. Okay? So, for example: "See you next week!" The week directly after this week, the current one. "I saw him last night." I saw him basically directly before today. Or if it's night now, I saw him last night, the night before this one. Next: "Did you call her last Friday? She told me you promised her you were going to call her. Did you call her last Friday?" The Friday before now, the most recent Friday. Okay? "Next month will be busy." So if you are, you know, preparing for the holiday season or a specific time of the year where it's going to be very busy for you, and your family, and your friends, you can say: "Next month", the month directly after this one. So, for example, if it's January, next month is February. If it's March... March, April. Yeah, I know my months. March, the next month... Well, next month after March is April. Okay? So: "I will see you next month. Next month will be busy." "I can't wait for next summer!" Okay? So if summer just finished and the weather is getting colder if you are in a country that, you know, has more than two seasons or one season in some cases, please... You know, you can say: "I can't wait for next summer. I can't wait." And finally: "We're going to travel to Prague next year." The year after this one. So if the year now is 2017, next year is 2018. Okay? So we're travelling there next year. So, you use "next" and "last" with a day of the week, or just the word "week", or a month of the year, or a season, or a specific year when you want to refer to the one directly after or directly before the current one. You got it? Can I move on to the next part? Yeah? Okay, the next part. So: "the next" and "the last". So, when you are talking about the period of seven, 30, whatever number of days, or weeks, or months, or seasons, or years, or any other historical periods, whatever - starting at or preceding, which means coming before the moment of speaking, you use: "the next", "the last". Okay, that's a lot of information, so if we just look at some examples I think it's a lot easier to understand and to see what I mean. So, for example: "The next 2 weeks will be tough." If you are preparing for exams and you have exams for two weeks from now when you're speaking, the moment of speaking, you're thinking ahead, like: "Oh, man. Next week and the week after next week", so the next two weeks, this period of time will be tough starting from my moment of speaking. Next: "The last month has been amazing." So, basically the 30 days preceding today. So a month, 30 days, or 31 days, or 29, or 28 days depending on the month and leap years, and things like that. You can say: "Oh my god, the last 30 days, the last month has been amazing." The 30 days preceding now have been amazing.
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Text Comments (208)
Abe Thomas (23 days ago)
Article the specifies our thougths
Helin Parsak (27 days ago)
thank you it is a useful lesson.
Helin Parsak (27 days ago)
ı don't understand why did you use present perfect for last week.
Alberto Simón López (1 month ago)
thank you for your explanation
Dima Vorobiov (1 month ago)
Thanks for this clear lesson. It was very helpful for me
You're welcome, Dima! Thanks for checking out the lesson. :) I'm glad you liked it.
jayshree sachdev (1 month ago)
Sorry for the last night or sorry for last night? Which is correct?
jayshree sachdev (1 month ago)
+Learn English with Alex [engVid] thank you for replying:)
Both depending on the context. If it happened yesterday, then you should say "sorry for last night."
kelly cortez (3 months ago)
Felicidades ERES el mejor maestro! I am really thankful with you because I have learnt a lot .. you are the best see you in The next English lesson...God bless you and your family too.
Appreciate for your lesson
Thanks a lot, Kunanon. I'm glad you enjoyed it.
Laura Pollock (5 months ago)
I have noticed a common problem in relation to the meaning of 'next' when it is used in conjunction with a day of the week. If it is currently Monday the 1st of January, next Wednesday would be the 3rd of January, but many people would inaccurately think next Wednesday is the 10th of January. It would be fantastic to see a video highlighting this misconception and clarifying the grammar. I am tired of people not understanding which day I am meaning when organising appointments!
Aslan Can (6 months ago)
Hi.I want to know why we use the with day for example "the next day" but not "next day"
Gabriela Marzari (7 months ago)
You're a great teacher, Alex. I love watching your videos. Thanks a bunch!
My pleasure, Gabriela! I'm glad you like them.
Cristian Patricio (7 months ago)
Hi just a question how you say it?? the soccer match LASTS for an hour and minutes.... or.... the soccer match LAST for an hour and minutes
The soccer match lasts an hour and thirty minutes. You can also use the past form "lasted."
Martha Carrillo (7 months ago)
You are an excellent teacher. I always understand everything. Thank you so much!
My pleasure! I'm glad you liked the video.
Antonio D. Espejo (7 months ago)
Great lesson, Alex! This kind of mistakes are very common for Spanish speakers.
Trust me, I know. ;) I'm glad this is helpful!
Hi again this is Shobha from India.. u r vedios are very helpful..
Jake Kyler (8 months ago)
I find this helpful. I have a question though. Can we use a preposition before the word next. For example: see you in our next class/ see you in our next meeting.
Ramdayal Dayal (8 months ago)
So oooo greeeeet sir
Hello Alex, I've prepared some examples about this grammar point. Are they right? Present: Today is 15th December 2017. Next month is January and next year is 2018. Past: I was born in 21st May 1970. So, the next month was June and the next year was 1971. (= So, the following month was January and the following year was 1971.) Future: I hope to live until 2060. So, the next year will be 2061. Today is Friday, 15th December 2017. Next week will be a tough time. (From Monday 18th to Sunday 24th.) Today is Friday, 15th December 2017. The next week will be a tough time. (From today (Friday) to Thursday.) Thanks!
Mercedes Torres calzado (9 months ago)
Amazing video thanks a lot
Global Energy (9 months ago)
You deserve a billion SUBSCRIBES man!
One day...the dream lives on.
LOL. Maybe in 50 years.
Ilya Kharkovich (9 months ago)
Love your videos
That's awesome to hear!
Khyber (10 months ago)
I love English! You're the best teacher in the world, May god give you long life to continue your best job.
You're very kind. Thank you very much for your kind words.
Noor Mena (11 months ago)
Noor Mena (11 months ago)
Thank you
You're welcome, Noor! Thanks for studying with me and good luck with your studies.
kd cfc4l (11 months ago)
which one is correct ? Tell me when you are here the next time. or tell me when you are here next time.
Roxana Gamboa (11 months ago)
Thanks, Roxana! I appreciate that.
Issac Algizani (11 months ago)
Amazing teacher. Many thanks
My pleasure, Isaac. Thanks a lot for checking out my lessons.
riyad mohmad (11 months ago)
Thank you teacher I have 10 out 10 in the quiz thank you very much
riyad mohmad (11 months ago)
Ok thank you teacher
Nice job on the quiz! Keep it up!
Milana Rivas (1 year ago)
Our teacher will tell us about The Normans at next lesson / at the nex lesson?? We will do this exercise next lesson / the next lesson?? Help, please )
Milana Rivas (1 year ago)
Thank you a lot!
“Our teacher will tell us about the Normans next lesson.” You can also say “in his next lesson” or “in the next lesson.” The preposition “in” forces you to use “the next” in this context.
ihsan yılmazlar (1 year ago)
teaching is an art
I agree. :)
Martha Matamoros (1 year ago)
Hi Alex, You are an excellent teacher!! thanks a lot
Thanks a lot, Martha! I'm glad you liked the video!
Onur Terzi (1 year ago)
Are you messy
Ronnie (1 year ago)
In metro in two different countries I've heard the next station is and next station is. I still don't understand which variant is correct
Ronnie (1 year ago)
English Lessons with Alex (engVid AlexESLvid) thank you
It should be "the next station is," but I've also heard the shortened version of "next station, main street," for example, as well. Grammatically, it should be "the next station," but "next station" just sounds quicker I suppose.
yong luo (1 year ago)
thank you teacher !
Any time. Thanks for clicking.
Sai 333 (1 year ago)
Next time I won't watch your videos. The last video I watched of Rebbeca was good compare to your's.
riyad mohmad (11 months ago)
sai nath why did you say that
Masatwwo (1 year ago)
"Next week will be tough" means the seven days starting with next Monday "The next week will be tough" means the seven days starting with tommorow Correct ?
You got it!
Thank you, Alex! Great video!
Thanks for checking it out. I appreciate it.
Lesya Kraynyk (1 year ago)
Thank you Alex! These lessons very helpful for improving English language
I'm happy to hear that! Thanks for checking this out.
Badr King (1 year ago)
thank you very much , could you please put in lesson about pharmacy
I'll keep it in mind. :)
Art Apple (1 year ago)
Great Teacher !
Thank you very much! I appreciate the support.
renato martinez (1 year ago)
Alex your voice and pronunciation are very nice and Clear. Thank you so much. Regards from Chile.
My pleasure! Thanks for checking out the video, renato.
Great lesson. Thanks for sharing!!!!
TAVO EVEREST (1 year ago)
Great!! Alex you're the best in Engvid!
Every student has a different preference. Thank you for the kind feedback, Tavo!
sheriff shetaia (1 year ago)
I agree with you about the last season of ( lost ) :D
Marco Carrasco (1 year ago)
Excelent class, congratulations! I like your videos.
Samah Aljarbani (1 year ago)
Thanks a million teacher
Ştefan Alexandru (1 year ago)
thanks for this leasson!:)
macsigo (1 year ago)
gr8 vid :~)
mrtn lthr (1 year ago)
thank you I like very much your video
Nur (1 year ago)
we have n't seen each other in ages , what mean ؟
Oscar Giraldo (1 year ago)
it was a great lesson, thanks.
Yakuza Jessie (1 year ago)
I appreciated for you made this awesome video 🤘🏻❤️ thanks a lot 🙏💐👍🏻
風哥Diego (1 year ago)
seshapani akumalla (1 year ago)
can you please suggest a few books to improve vocabulary for non native speakers
Tekle Hadgu (1 year ago)
wow it was so superb !
luo yong (1 year ago)
thank you teacher !
Edwin Suárez (1 year ago)
It seems to be you're a big star wars fan, aren't you? jejejejejejjjejeje☺
Kadyr Chonmurunov (1 year ago)
hello! please give me your FB address?!
Ana Maria Dupui (1 year ago)
Alex, I'm from Manaus (Brazil) and I discovered you here. I love your explanation and pronunciated (is it correct my English written?). You're fabulous!!! Can I hug you??? Kaka... I have 01 doubt. Can I say: See you the next 2 weeks? And when I say: "See you next week", there is a one period of 7 days in this sentence. So I can say: "See you the next week". Correct? Did you understand me what I want to say? Many kisses from Brazil!!!! So see you next videooooo... =)
shair khan (1 year ago)
Great explanation sir .
saliha sak velet (1 year ago)
i love love loveeeeeeeeee you man! you are the best and funniest teacher ive ever seen
Wallace Marcelo (1 year ago)
Thank you so much, Alex! Please, please, never stop teaching. You are the best one.
thank you)
Lukáš Friedrich (1 year ago)
Hi Alex. I´m from the Czech Republic. Have you ever been in Prague?
thank you, useful lesson.
Roger Sol (1 year ago)
your intros are stupid!
Ibnul Hasan (1 year ago)
liked it!!!
Bahodur Kodirov (1 year ago)
perfect, thank you very much. wait for your next video
Shumroz Usmani (1 year ago)
Can you tell me from which teacher shall I kick off learning with engvid ?
Mounir Ps (1 year ago)
thanks teacher. i have subscribed to you.
Good object to tell about, Alex! Thanks for lesson!
Tanabodhi Mukura (1 year ago)
Thank you very much 😃😃😃
Thank you Alex!
Alfredo Ramirez (1 year ago)
Thank you . Good lesson
Al H. Ojeda (1 year ago)
Thank you Teacher, this lesson was very useful.
AppleFixPoint (1 year ago)
I'll use your lessons as a way to explain thing to my student, fantastic performance!
Thanks, John. Good luck!
Bren Torres (1 year ago)
Thank you for show me a different way to learn, at my house ir the places that I can see these vídeos. Thanks for the clearly vocabulary. I'm sure that I am learning more than other times. You are a good teacher. Thank you from Argentina!!! 😀
You're very welcome. Thank you for studying with me.
Laura Carballo (1 year ago)
Thank you for show me a different way to learn, at my house or the places that I can see these videos. Thanks for the clearly vocabulary. I am sure that I'm learning more than other times. You are a good teacher. Thank you From Argentina!!!
Domenico Fantauzzi (1 year ago)
Hi, Alex I like your method of explanation because you have a quite voice and a slow way, good to understand
Thanks. I'm glad you can understand me!
Cesar Lima (1 year ago)
thanks for all your help!
Sir. Teixeira (1 year ago)
I really waited for something to happen in the last few minutes of the video hahaha. That was a great lesson! I've never noticed that there's a difference between them. I mean, I'm so used to English that I just say these things without even thinking about. I love your classes! Thanks a lot.
Thank you, got it 100%. We, Alexes, are smart. ☺
My mom says the same thing. I hope she's right.
Nadezhda Sergeeva (1 year ago)
Thanks for the great iesson
Digvijay Chouhan (1 year ago)
very nice
Good video for learning!
Nada Olayan (1 year ago)
Thank you Alix , Could I ask which is correct : last evening or yesterday's evening?
"Last evening" is good, but "last night" is best.
Evin Azad (1 year ago)
The last season of lost was a little messy. what's the meaning of messy?!
Elizabeth Caiado (1 year ago)
Thanks. great video.
Ezequiel Gouveia (1 year ago)
Great lesson .
Funny Cats (1 year ago)
Thank you, Alex. I am from Ukraine and I learn English with you. Lots of teachers speak at a fast pace so one can hardly catch the sense. You speak not too slow and not too fast. It's good. That is what I appreciate in your teaching.
Very good, Alex! Thank you. See you on EngVid. Bye!
Leonardo Santana (1 year ago)
Thank you Alex! I really got a kick out of it! Your accent is so nice! By the way, episode 8 is going to be FANTASTIC. (I hope)
Aziz oo (1 year ago)
wonderful lesson 👍
Farooq Ali (1 year ago)
I like the video thank you so much tr
Ashish Rampal (1 year ago)
I usually learn all stuff of your video, but not be able to use these things while speaking. Because I forget.
sanno abdualkader (1 year ago)
Pretty easy .Thanks for the explanation 😀keep up the good job.
Venance Y. SERI (1 year ago)
your lessons have always been a blessing for me. I can't wait to see new ones. Things are changing in my English situation. Thank you very much. see you next week. From a fan.
David Carranza (1 year ago)
Hi Alex!! I like your videos. I'm learning and improving my english. The introduction of the video was funny. Thank you so much!!
Eti Cardoso (1 year ago)
Thanks !
NeuralNetworks (1 year ago)
If we consider the "next" in "next month will be busy" and "for next summer" as something like a article, I wonder if we can classify these things into noun group and adverb group.

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